CONTENTS

1 PREFACE
2 BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL CURRENT
2.1 DIRECT CURRENT
2.2 ALTERNATING CURRENT
2.3 HIGH-FREQUENCY CURRENT
2.4 INTERFERENCE CAUSED BY HIGH-FREQUENCY CURRENT
3 TISSUE CONDUCTIVITY
3.1 INSULATORS
3.2 CONDUCTORS
3.3 PARTIAL CONDUCTORS
4 ELECTROSURGERY
4.1 MEDICAL DIATHERMY
4.2 SURGICAL DIATHERMY
4.3 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTROSURGERY
4.4 SPARK-GAP APPARATUS
4.5 VACUUM-TUBE APPARATUS
4.6 TRANSISTOR APPARATUS
4.7 CONTROL OF EMISSION
5 TIMEDSURGERY
5.1 GENERAL PRINCIPLES
5.2 COAGULATION
5.3 MICRO-ARC
5.4 CUTTING
6 TIMED APPARATUS
6.1 PULSED EMISSIONS
7

ELECTRODES
7.1 MONOPOLAR AND BIPOLAR MODES
7.2 BIPOLAR ELECTRODES
7.3 NEUTRAL ELECTROD;
7.4 MONOPOLAR ELECTRODES
7.5 EM 10 ELECTROMANIPLES
7.6 EM 15 ELECTROMANIPLE
7.7 FEATURES OF ELECTROMANIPLES
7.8 ADAPTING THE CURRENT TO THE DIMENSIONS OF THE ELECTRODE
7.9 THE HIGH-FREQUENCY SUPPLY CABLE AND ELECTROMANIPLE CONNECTOR
7.10 POSITIONING AND TESTING OF CABLES

8 FUNCTIONS
8.1 FULGURATION
8.2 MICRO-ARC
8.3 VAPORISATION
8.4 COAGULATION
8.5 COAGULATION WITH MICROELECTRODES AND WITH MACROELECTRODES
8.6 MONOPOLAR AND BIPOLAR COAGULATION
8.7 TIMED BIPOLAR COAGULATION
8.8 CUTTING
8.9 COAGULATION CUTTING
8.10 TIMED CUTTING
8.11 TIMEDSURGICAL PULSED CUTTING
9 FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR CUTTING AND COAGULATING EFFECTS
9.1 MODULATION
9.2 PULSED EMISSION
9.3 ELECTROMANIPLE DIMENSIONS
9.4 POWER
10 ELECTROBLITERATION AND ELECTROCOAPTATION
10.1 ELECTROBLITERATION
10.2 ELECTROCOAPTATION
10.3 COAGULATION OF VESSELS
11 PRACTISING TIMEDSURGICAL TECHNIQUES
11.1 COAGULATION EXERCISES
11.2 MICRO-ARC EXERCISES
11.3 CUTTING EXERCISES
12 ANAESTHESIA IN TIMEDSURGERY
12.1 ANAESTHETIC SOLUTIONS
12.2 TOPICAL ANAESTHETICS
13 GENERAL RULES
13.1 TECHNICAL RULES
13.2 CLINICAL RULES
14 ADAPTABILITY OF PROGRAMME DATA
15 TREATMENT FOR FACIAL TELANGIECTASIA
15.1 8% BISCLEROTHERAPY
15.2 TIMEDSURGICAL TREATMENT
15.3 TECHNIQUE
15.4 POST-OPERATIVE TREATMENT
16 TREATMENT OF “RED NOSE“
16.1 8% BISCLEROTHERAPY
16.2 TIMEDSURGICAL TREATMENT
17 TREATMENT OF RHINOPHYMA
17.1 DECORTICATION OF LOW-GRADE RHINOPHYMA
17.2 TECHNIQUE
17.3 TREATMENT OF HIGH-GRADE RHINOPHYMA IN TWO SESSIONS
18 BIPOLAR COAGULATION OF SPIDER NAEVUS
18.1 TECHNIQUE
19 TREATMENT OF VENOUS LAKES, VARICES AND
MUCOUS CYSTS
20 TREATMENT OF ECTATIC VESSELS OF THE LOWER EXTREMITIES
20.1 SCLEROTHERAPY
EQUIPMENT
SCLEROSING SOLUTIONS
20.2 THREE-DIMENSIONAL
REGIONAL BISCLEROTHERAPY
20.3 TIMEDSURGICAL TREATMENT
TECHNIQUE
20.4 ENDO-OBLITERATION OF VEINS
21 RAPID DEFINITIVE EPILATION
21.1 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF HAIR GROWTH
21.2 TIMED EPILATION
21.3 TECHNIQUE
21.4 PULSED EPILATION
21.5 EPILATION OF THE FACE
21.6 EPILATION OF THE BODY
21.7 POST-OPERATIVE TREATMENT
21.8 HAIR GROWTH
22 TIMEDSURGICAL PEELING
22.1 PEELING AT LOW POWER
23 TIMEDSURGICAL RESURFACING FOR LEVELLING SCARS
23.1 TECHNIQUE
24 TIMEDSURGICAL DE-EPITHELIALISATION
24.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TIMEDSURGICAL CURRENT
24.2 DE-EPITHELIALISATION AT 1 WATT
24.3 PULSED DE-EPITHELIALISATION
24.4 DE-EPITHELIALISATION OVER MEDIUM-SIZED OR LARGER AREAS
25 RE-PIGMENTATION OF STABILISED VITILIGO AND ACHROMIC SCARS
26 ELIMINATION OF CUTANEOUS HYPERPIGMENTATION
26.1 EPIDERMAL HYPERPIGMENTATION
TECHNIQUE
26.2 ELIMINATION OF LENTIGINES ON THE HANDS
26.3 DERMAL-EPIDERMAL AND DERMAL HYPERPIGMENTATION
TECHNIQUE
26.4 DEPIGMENTATION OF NORMOCHROMIC SKIN
27 REMOVAL OF TATTOOS
27.1 TIMEDSURGICAL RESURFACING
27.2 ELECTROSALTING
TIMEDSURGICAL DE-EPITHELIALISATION
SALTING
28 ELIMINATION OF WRINKLES
28.1 MIXED PEELING
29 TREATMENT OF BIRTHMARKS
29.1 BISCLEROTHERAPY
29.2 MIXED PEELING
30 TREATMENT OF SMALL CAVERNOUS HAEMANGIOMAS
30.1 CUTANEOUS CAVERNOUS HAEMANGIOMAS
30.2 SUBCUTANEOUS CAVERNOUS HAEMANGIOMAS
31 INTRODUCTION TO TREATMENT OF BENIGN SKIN LESIONS
31.1 SURGICAL EXCISION
31.2 CRYOTHERAPY
31.3 ACIDS AND CAUSTIC SALTS
31.4 THERMOCOAGULATION
31.5 LASERSURGERY
31.6 RADIOTHERAPY
31.7 ELECTROSURGERY
31.8 TIMEDSURGERY
32 COAGULATION OFWARTS
32.1 COMMONWARTS
TECHNIQUE
32.2 PLANTAR WARTS
32.3 SMALL COMMON WARTS
32.4 PLANEWARTS
TECHNIQUE
33 TREATMENT OF CONDYLOMATAACUMINATA
34 COAGULATION OF PYOGENIC GRANULOMAS
35 VAPORISATION OF RUBY ANGIOMAS
36 VAPORISATION OF SMALL NON-PEDUNCULATED LESIONS
37 COAGULATION OF VERY SMALL LESIONS
38 COAGULATION OF XANTHELASMAS
39 TREATMENT OF KERATOSES
39.1 LARGE-SIZED KERATOSES
39.2 SMALL MULTIPLE KERATOSES
39.3 TIMEDSURGICAL UNDERMINING
40 TREATMENT OF INGROWING TOE-NAILS
41 COAGULATION OF LACHRYMAL CANALS
42 BIPOLAR COAGULATION OF NASAL TURBINATES
42.1 COAGULATION OF NASAL TUBINATES
42.2 COAGULATION OF THE NEUROVASCULAR CENTRE
43 EXCISION WITH TIMED AND PULSED CUTTING
43.1 CUTTING THROUGH THE WHOLE THICKNESS OF THE SKIN
TECHNIQUE
43.2 ELECTROSHAVING
TECHNIQUE
44 TIMED AND PULSED CUTTING IN EYELID SURGERY
44.1 EXCISION OF LESIONS ON THE EYELIDS
44.2 BLEPHAROPLASTY OF THE UPPER LID
44.3 TRANSCONJUNCTIVAL LOWER BLEPHAROPLASTY
45 TIMED AND PULSED CUTTING IN ORAL SURGERY
45.1 TECHNIQUE
46 EXCISION OF PEDUNCULATED AND LIFTABLE LESIONS
46.1 TECHNIQUE
47 REMOVAL OF WHITEHEADS
47.1 TECHNIQUE
48 REMOVAL OF MILIA
48.1 TECHNIQUE
49 ATRAUMATIC EXCISION OF MELANOMA
49.1 TECHNIQUE
50 TREATMENT OF PRECANCEROUS LESIONS
51 TIMEDSURGICAL CLEANSING OF ULCERS
51.1 TECHNIQUE
52 APPENDICES
  PROGRAMME DATA
  BIBLIOGRAPHY
  INDEX
  COPERTINA